Sittanagyi Pagoda (987/ 413)

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Type of monumentSinhalese Type Pagoda
LocationSouth of Lokananda
Region Thiripyitsaya
Built by
Date
Monument Number 987/ 413
Sittanagyi Pagoda (987/ 413)

The Sittanagyi stūpa (987), s situated at the southern extremity of the Bagan monument zone with a decorative frieze of 156 elephant heads around the base (each side has 39) and access corridor to a central inner area and extensive deposits of votary tablets. It is considered 13th century “or earlier” by the Inventory.  

This stūpa is a good representative of the transitional stage of the stūpa architecture during Bagan period. It has a Srilankan style square crowning block above the dome. It is a decided improvement upon the Pebingyaung stūpa of the early period. The body is the bell-shape and there are terraces, four in number each with Jātaka plaques and having replica stūpa at their corners.

The distinctive feature of the Sinhalese type stūpa is the absence of steps. This is clearly seen in the Sitanagyi and the Seinnyet Nyima stūpas. The architectural development of Sinhalese-formed stūpas are exemplified by the Pebingyaung, Sapada, Seinnyet Nyima and Sitanagyi respectively.


Zin Tun Tint, Dr., Architectural Decoration of Stūpas in Bagan (1000-1300 AD), Paper read at the 8th Research Conference of Myanmar Academy of Arts and Science held in Yangon University on 24 October 2008. (Journal of the Myanmar Academy of Arts and Science, Vol. II, No.7(B), June 2009, Page-195)


Sittnagyi Pagoda (Google Map)

Reference Books:

Glimpse of Glorious Bagan, Universities Historical Research Centre, Yangon, Myanmar, The University Press, 1996

Pictorial Guide to Pagan, Ministry of Culture, Yangon, Myanmar, The Printing and Publish Corporation, Reprint 1975

The Pagodas and Monuments of Bagan, Vol. 1, Translated by Dr Khin Maung Nyunt, Ministry of Information, Yangon, Myanmar, Graphic Training Centre (G.T.C), 1995

The Pagodas and Monuments of Bagan , Vol. 2, English Text by Dr Khin Maung Nyunt, Ministry of Information, Yangon, Myanmar, Graphic Training Centre (G.T.C), 1998

Zin Tun Tint, Dr., Architectural Decoration of Stūpas in Bagan (1000-1300 AD), Paper read at the 8th Research Conference of Myanmar Academy of Arts and Science held in Yangon University on 24 October 2008. (Journal of the Myanmar Academy of Arts and Science, Vol. II, No.7(B), June 2009, Page-195)

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