Seinnyet Nyima Pagoda (1086)

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Type of monument Sinhalese Type Pagoda
LocationNorth of Bagan Myothit
RegionThiripyitsaya & Bagan Myothit
Built byQueen Seinnyet’s younger sister
Date11th Century
Monument Number 1086
Seinnyet Nyima Pagoda (1086)

The “younger” of the two “Seinnyet Sisters” is a pagoda of an unusual type. The three receding square terraces and the bell-shaped dome do not differ much from those of other pagodas. But above the dome rests a ribbed, bowl-shaped disc-the amalaka or myrobalan fruit- which makes the Seinnyet Nyima a distinctive type. Above the bowl-shaped disc rises a truncated conical finial which is made distinctive by the pronounced rings encircling it.

It is a solid stupa resting on three terraces. Traditionally assigned to 11th  century A D. The bell-shaped dome is ornamented with moulded bands and kirttimukha (ogre-head) pendants, between four pedimented niches facing the cardinal points. Each of these niches enshrines a seated Buddha. The terraces have miniature stupas at the corners and each stupa in the second terrace is guarded by a lion. The structure is crowned by a stylized umbrella in the form of concentric rings on a foliated relic-chamber.


Seinnyet Nyima Pagoda (Google Map)

Reference Books:

Glimpse of Glorious Bagan, Universities Historical Research Centre, Yangon, Myanmar, The University Press, 1996

Pictorial Guide to Pagan, Ministry of Culture, Yangon, Myanmar, The Printing and Publish Corporation, Reprint 1975

The Pagodas and Monuments of Bagan, Vol. 1, Translated by Dr Khin Maung Nyunt, Ministry of Information, Yangon, Myanmar, Graphic Training Centre (G.T.C), 1995

The Pagodas and Monuments of Bagan , Vol. 2, English Text by Dr Khin Maung Nyunt, Ministry of Information, Yangon, Myanmar, Graphic Training Centre (G.T.C), 1998

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