Sapada Pagoda (187)

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Type of monument Type IV Temple (Sinhalese dagaba)
LocationNear the entrance to Nyaung U
RegionNyaung U & Wetkyi-In
Built byMonk Sapada
DateA D 1199
Monument Number 187
Sapada Zedi (187)

There are two zedis “Sapadaw” and “Sapada” at the entrance of Nyaung U town near Hnet Pyit Taung.

Sapada zedi stands in a triangle plot at the junction of the roads leading to Nyaung U town.

Sapada zedi is locally known as “Paya Ni”. The two zedis were modelled on the design of Stupa Rama zedi in Anuraddha pura in Sri Lanka. Maha Thera Sapada built them.

Maha Thera Sapada was a native of Sapada village (now Ngaputaw town) near Pathein town. In the reign of King Narapatisithu (A D 12th Century) he went to Sri Lanka as a young novice monk accompanying Maha Thera Uttarajiva. He was ordained in the Kalyani Sima (Ordination Hall of Kalyani) in Sri Lanka and he spent ten vasas (ordained years) in that country.

When Maha Thera Uttarajiva returned to Bagan, Maha Thera Sapada remained in Sri Lanka. Having resided in that country over ten years he returned to Bagan. With him came Monks Thiwali of Tamalaida village. Tamalainda of Camboza city, Ananda of Keinsipura city and Rahula of Anuraddha city. These four monks knew Tipitaka by rote.

 Maha Thera Uttarajiva passed away in the year Maha Thera Sapada arrived back. Maha Thera Sapada was a noted monk who bridged Buddha Sasana of Sri Lanka with Buddha Sasana of Bagan.

Sapada Pagoda (Google Map)

Reference Books:

Glimpse of Glorious Bagan, Universities Historical Research Centre, Yangon, Myanmar, The University Press, 1996

Pictorial Guide to Pagan, Ministry of Culture, Yangon, Myanmar, The Printing and Publish Corporation, Reprint 1975

The Pagodas and Monuments of Bagan, Vol. 1, Translated by Dr Khin Maung Nyunt, Ministry of Information, Yangon, Myanmar, Graphic Training Centre (G.T.C), 1995

The Pagodas and Monuments of Bagan , Vol. 2, English Text by Dr Khin Maung Nyunt, Ministry of Information, Yangon, Myanmar, Graphic Training Centre (G.T.C), 1998

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